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  Vortigern Studies > Vortigern > Guest Articles

Welcome to Vortigern Studies!

Vortigern Studies has the internet's most comprehensive treatment of Britain's history from the end of the Roman era to Arthurian times. Edited by Robert M. Vermaat, this unique website focuses primarily on the person of Vortigern and the enigmatic earthwork called Wansdyke. It features narrative histories, original source documents and important texts, extensive bibliographies, reading lists, informative articles by guest writers, maps, polls and more.

Vortigern Studies Index




This section contains articles by several authors on varying subjects that augment the other articles on this site. Some of these have appeared elsewhere, others are completely new. It must be noted that the articles do not neccesarily express the opinion of the owner of this website.

: I now also welcome reports of visits to locations connected with Vortigern.

Would you like to submit an article for publication on this site? These are the rules:

  • Most of the time, I will approach you with the request to publish an article at this site. However, you can also submit one.

  • If you submit an article, please send it in a Word 97 format, a format that is supported by Word 97 or higher, or in HTML. Or you can just submit it by e-mail.

  • I will not alter any article in any way without approval of the author, except for correcting possible spelling errors.

  • Of course, you will get FULL CREDIT! 

The image shows Bede, the 'Historian of the English', a miniature from British Library Add MS 39943 folio 2.

  Current Contents:
  • Fabio Barbieri: British History, 407-597 AD
    A new book of about 600 pages of Dark Ages British history, exclusive to Vortigern Studies! This book provides a daring insight in the sources behind the history of the 5th century.
  • Joe Boyles and Jake Livingston (1): A Tour across Little Doward.
    The authors take us for a tour of exploration, across the in parts densely overgrow Iron Age hillfort, high over the Wye valley. Little Doward came to be associated with Vortigern, and is often named as his place of death.
  • Joe Boyles and Jake Livingston (2): The Quest for Arthur's Cave, Little Doward
    In a Quest, strechting across two visits, the authors take us on their search for the 'Cave of Arthur', which lies hidden in the flank of Little Doward.
  • Sheila Brynjulfson (1): Dark Rooms and Dry Straw: Historiography of the Middle Ages 400-1200.
    The author takes a very good look at the Late Roman and Early Medieval historians, from Jordanes to the First Crusade. What moved Gildas, how did Bede write compared to that?
  • Sheila Brynjulfson (2): Artorius, Ambrosius, Arthur - Questing for the Historical Arthur, King of the Britons.
    In this second guest-article, the author goes on a quest for the historical Arthur.
  • Sheila Brynjulfson (3): Geoffrey of Monmouth and the History of the Kings of Britain.
    In this in-depth article, the author takes a hard look at the writing of this (in)famous Welshman. Was he writing fiction or history? And if so, what were his his sources?.
  • David Capps: The Anglo-Saxon Settlement of England
    In this short article, the author gives an overview of the aspects of the Anglo-Saxon settlement of England.
  • Patrick Constable: Discordia, towards a Chronology for 5th century Britain
    The author takes a partisan approach in a new look at the events of the 5th century as written down in several known sources. The result is surprising!
  • David Nash Ford: Vortigern and his Family
    A very good article about Vortigern, from the webmaster of 'Early British Kingdoms'. David Nash Ford examines the sources, the history and the legend. David Nash Ford is currently editor of 'Britannia' Internet Magazine.
  • Jason Godesky (1): The Vortigern Dynasty
    A theory about the background of Vortigern and his dynasty from the webmaster of 'The Saxon Shore'.
  • Jason Godesky (2): The Dynasty of Vortigern
    Another great article from the webmaster of 'The Saxon Shore'. This gives an excellent view of Vortigern, his ancestors and his sons.
  • Jason Godesky (3): Vortigern the 'Big Man'?
    The author takes a closer look at the sociological concept of the 'Big Man' in Late Roman British society. Was Vortigern perhaps such a 'Big Man'?
  • August Hunt (1): Vortigern and Catel Durnluc
    A daring look at the origins of the stories of Vortigern, which compares the material concerning Vortigern with stories about St Patrick, Inscribed Memorial Stones, the Pillar of Eliseg, Dinas Emrys and Cadell Durnluc.
  • August Hunt (2): Vortigern's Epithet 'Guortheneu'
    The author looks for a connection between this epithet and the Irish Carthind, the Latin Clodius Macer and the Pictish Gurthinmoch.
  • August Hunt (3): Cunedda as Vortigern
    Was Cunedda (a) Vortigern? Was Ceawlin of Wessex really a Briton, with an Irish ancestry? He may have been the same as Maquicoline of Wroxeter, and Cuinnid MacCuilin who founded Gwynedd. Is this why Vortigern is said to have ruled Gwynedd?
  • August Hunt (4): The Myth of the British Vortigern
    Was Vortigern of legend really a British king? Or was he perhaps based on the British-Irish Fortchern, son of Fedelmid, son of Laeghaire the Irish High King? The author digs deeper into the enigma of the Irish Vortigerns.
  • August Hunt (5): The Grave of Vortigern at Ystyuacheu
    A short article about the possible location for this until now unlocated candidate for a grave for Vortigern.
  • August Hunt (6): Two Vessels, a Tent and Two Worms: A Dark Age Discovery at Dinas Emrys?
    What were the mysterious objects found by Vortigern and Emrys/Merlin when they drained the pool at Dinas Emrys?
    March 2008
  • August Hunt has written more Arthurian articles for Faces of Arthur, my Arthurian website.
  • Harry Jelley: The Birthplace of St. Patrick
    In this short piece, Harry Jelley outlines his argument, fleshed out in his book, St. Patrick's Somerset Birthplace, that the patron saint of Ireland was not born in Wales or Scotland, but in Somerset.
  • Keith Nurse (1): Deeds most Ancient
    The Pillar of Eliseg is a rare survival, because of its remarkable Latin inscription recording the names of key fifth century figures and the successes of a Welsh ruler in regaining territory from the English.
  • Keith Nurse (2): Dark Age Halls of Power
    The author looks at archaeological and other evidence of post-Roman successor settlements in the area of Hadrian's Wall. Could they offer a blueprint for other successor states from the times of Vortigern to Arthur?
  • Frank D. Reno (1): Vitalinus/Guithelinus
    Was Vitalinus but a very minor character in the Arthurian saga? The author shows that the seemingly minor part that Vitalinus plays, was rather a role of major importance in Arthuriana.
  • Frank D. Reno (2): Vortimer: Welsh Hero of the Arthurian Age
    Vortimer is the "Over-Prince" who replaces his father Vortigern and defeats the Saxones in four crucial battles as recorded in the Historia Brittonum. The author equates him with Cunedda, thus making him one of King Arthur's allies.
  • Stuart Stevenson: A Visit to Carn Fadrun
    A visit to the hillfort on the Lleyn peninsula which is associated to the granddaughter of Vortigern, Modrun ferch Vortimer. Accompanied by some beautiful pictures.
  • Christopher A. Snyder: Sub-Roman Britain - an Introduction.
    A very thorough look at Britain during the period of Roman withdrawal and British survival by the author of "An Age of Tyrants, Britain and Britons AD 400-600, (Stroud 1998)". Readers are recommended to start their journey with this introduction. Christopher Snyder is Chair of the Department of History and Politics at Marymount University in Arlington, Virginia.
  • Michael Veprauskas (1): The Problem of Caer Guorthigirn.
    The author attempts to solve the riddle of several 'Cities of Vortigern'. Why were they built, and when?
  • Michael Veprauskas (2): A Clerical Portrait of Vortigern?
    The author shows a deeper meaning behind the chronological remarks in chapter 66 of the Historia Brittonum.
  • Michael Veprauskas (3): Ambrosius
  • David White (1): Why Vortigern?
    The author goes deeper into the reasons behind why Vortigern was or was made the scapegoat for the Anglo-Saxon invasion of Britain.
  • David White (2): The Saxon Occupation: An Innocent Beginning
    In a second note, the author offers a view on the start of the English occupation of Britain.
  • Howard Wiseman: The derivation of the date of the Arthurian entries in the Annales Cambriae from Bede and Gildas
    This article is devoted to the question of how the dates for the two most famous Arthurian battles (Badon and Camlann) derived from the two main sources: Gildas and Bede.
  • Darrell Wolcott: Vortigern and the Powys Dynasty
    The chronology of the various extant pedigrees of Powys has always been a problem for those who have attempted to analyze them. The author tries to shed light on the Dark Ages in Powys.

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