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There have been several sources that have connected Vortigern with the area of Salibury plain, notably Stonehenge and Salisbury.
Historia brittonum, Chapter 66
This Ambrosius is fighting Vitalinus at Guoloph (Wallop in Hampshire, which is only a few miles to the south-east of Amesbury), is also strongly connected with Vortigern. Ambrosius' estate may have been situated in the fort near the modern abbey in Amesbury, giving the family name to the whole area. Both men were therefore already linked to the area at an early date.
Regum Britanniae, Book VI, chapter 15
That Geoffrey of Monmouth later confused Ambresbyrig (the fortress of Ambrosius) with Ambrius Mons (the hill of Ambr(os)ius) causes no wonder, for the Anglo-Saxon byrig can mean both 'fortress' (burgh) and 'hill' (byrg). Both names can be about one and the same place: Amesbury and the surrounding area. It is clear that, though Geoffrey did not know about Guoloph and the quarrel between Ambrosius and Vitalinus/Vortigern in the area, he was prapared to accept their involvement ther for different reasons.
Aside from Vortigern being betrayed there, Ambrosius is later buried there, in the monument that he commanded merlin to build in commemoration of the betrayed elders. Merlin (called by Geoffrey 'Merlin Ambrosius'), having had his hands both in the construction of Vortigern's tower and Stonehenge may well have added to the confusion about Ambrosius, causing a duplication of the Collapsing Castle from Gwynedd (Dinas Emrys) to Wiltshire.
Of Arthour and
This reeks of course strongly of a duplication. I have spoken elsewhere of the legendary relations of Vortigern and Merlin. While Merlin was strongly connected with Dinas Emrys (through his connections and early identification with Ambrosius) and thus with Vortigern, Merlin was also connected with Stonehenge through probably quite different legends. Now Stonehenge lies closest (only 2 miles) to Amesbury, which earliest recorded name of Ambresbyrig makes it a very good candidate of being named after a Romano-British estate-owner by the name of Ambrosius! Though we do not know for sure that this was the Ambrosius related by Gildas or any other from later legend, all subsequent connections made by history and pseudo-history make him a good candidate.
Salisbury was also very closely linked to Stonehenge, indeed so much that both were interchangeble to commentators of those days. I have looked at Salibury, or rather the hillfort of Old Sarum, elsewhere.
Though we might wonder how this indentification might have come so far south, it is not that far from Bradford-on-Avon, once called Wirtgernesburg.
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